Gratitude is increasingly recognised as being critical for personal well-being and organisational success
However, gratitude is also increasingly recognised as being critical for personal well-being and organisational success.
“In a working world that’s constantly changing and throwing up obstacles and challenges, the ability for leaders and employees to withstand stress and adversity and be resilient is critical,” she said.
The author of ‘Step Up: How to Build Your Influence at Work and ‘Career Leap: How to Reinvent and Liberate your Career’, said HR leaders play a key role in shaping a gratitude-based culture.
For example, Beyond Blue’s State of Workplace Mental Health in Australia (2017) report painted a bleak picture of the state of workplaces.
It found one in five employees (21%) took time off work in the prior 12 months because they felt stressed, anxious, depressed or mentally unhealthy; and this statistic was more than twice as high (46%) amongst those who considered their workplace mentally unhealthy.
“They further found the substantial impact this has on workplace productivity and effectiveness,” said Gibbings.
“Consequently, there is now growing recognition of the importance of creating happy, healthy and safe workplaces.”
Gibbings also cited research from Berkley University’s Greater Good Science Centre that found that one of the keys to well-being is practising gratitude.
Gratitude has been found to increase happiness levels, positive emotions, improve relationships, increase a person’s resilience to stressful events, as well as reduce the risk of depression, added Gibbings.
However, Gibbings emphasised that it’s important for HR practitioners to understand what practising gratitude looks like in the workplace.
“It’s not about getting employees to ignore their emotions or feelings of stress, sadness or hurt,” she said.
“Rather, it’s about equipping leaders and employees with the strategies and mechanisms to best cope with challenges and change. So rather than letting a situation over-whelm or consume their every waking thought they can progress through it. This takes deliberate focus and effort.”
Psychologist and author, Martin Seligman’s work changed much of the conventional thinking about happiness, optimism and treating depression. His research shows that optimism is a trait that can be learned, according to Gibbings.
He said “optimistic people generally feel that good things will last a long time and will have a beneficial effect on everything they do. And they think that bad things are isolated: They won't last too long and won't affect other parts of life”.
For example, in his work with the US Army helping returning soldiers deal with the effects of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), he has demonstrated that providing resilience and positive psychology training has lowered the rates of PTSD, substance abuse and depression.
Gibbings said a key element in doing this is cultivating a daily gratitude practice, which over time helps to rewire the brain.
“It is a simple practice whereby at the end of each day a person writes down three things that went well and why,” she added.
HR practitioners can work with leaders to help them understand the importance of these simple techniques and to adapt to their workplace. One such idea is to build in reflective activities as part of team meetings.
These activities enable the team to focus on where they have made progress and why. People want to work on activities that matter and to see they have made progress.
Moreover, the team members can be encouraged to take a moment at the end of each day to reflect on their day and write down what went well and why. This doesn’t have to be a massive achievement, added Gibbings.
It can be as simple as: ‘I had a great client meeting’, ‘The trains ran on time today’, or ‘I completed a key deliverable in a project’.
“As part of this process, HR should encourage leaders to cultivate an environment where relationships matter,” she said.
“This means leaders see the devotion of time and attention to relationships with colleagues and team members as important. In the ‘busyness’ of a working day it can be easier for leaders to deprioritise connections and relationships and to put tasks first.”
Gibbings said study after study has demonstrated that people who are happy and grateful have strong connections to the community, colleagues and good friends.
In short, they make connections and pay attention to keeping those connections healthy.
“In the working environment this also includes establishing core rituals in the team where team members are encouraged to focus on what they can do for others,” said Gibbings.
“When a person does something nice for someone else it makes them feel good; helping them realise the positive forces they have in their life and being grateful for that.
“Practising gratitude isn’t a one-off activity. For best results, it’s something that leaders and team members focus on each day, and that HR practitioners and leaders demonstrate through practice and advice as important too.”