Workplace bullying is typically characterised as taking place between colleagues, or managers bullying subordinates. But are you aware of the upwards bullying that may be taking place in your office?
However, Sean Selleck, partner at Baker & McKenzie, feels that more attention needs to be drawn towards ‘upwards bullying’ – which occurs when staff bully managers.
Selleck cited the case of McGowan v Nutype Accessories Limited (2003) in New Zealand. In this case, the general manager had been bullied by an employee over a period of three months, in the form of verbal abuse with obscene language, offensive insults and personal threats.
The company’s managing director, although aware of the problem, was slow to act, taking no substantial action against the employee, even though they were on their final warning. Eventually, the general manager resigned; arguing his resignation amounted to constructive dismissal.
The Court found that the company had failed to provide a safe working environment for the general manager, and criticised the company for not taking steps to investigate the situation.
“The threshold at which conduct amounts to bullying is not necessarily higher for an employee with management responsibilities,” Selleck stated.
In light of the new anti-bullying laws, Selleck theorised that the ‘reasonable management actions’ exception will not be applicable in cases of upwards bullying due to the language used (‘management’), thus making upwards bullying all that harder to avoid or defend against.
Catherine Gillespie, managing director of Workplace Conflict Resolution, raised similar concerns over the language of the legislation.
“The Commission has included extensive reference to past case law in the guidelines but even the definitions of ‘bullying’ or ‘reasonable management actions’ are still vague and open to new precedents being set,” she stated. On the whole, however, Gillespie welcomed the new changes.
“At the end of the day, the measures are designed to prevent bullying in the workplace,” she said. “This is a great objective but the best measures any business can take should be in-house and include inspired leadership, training at all levels of the business and a workplace culture that leaves no room for bullying or behaviour that might be interpreted as bullying to arise in the first place.”
Key HR Takeaways
HC has expanded upon the necessity for strict anti-bullying policies previously. However, Selleck’s statements highlight the fact HR must ensure upwards bullying is addressed thoroughly as well. HR must ensure:
- Employees are aware of their manager’s roles and responsibilities.
- Employees understand what upwards bullying is, and that it is just as unacceptable as other forms of bullying.
- Managers must have a clear understanding of who to speak with in the company if they feel bullied.