Researchers have uncovered differences in how workplace stress affects employee health for men and women
While increased job effort can boost productivity and income, female workers are more likely to suffer an increased risk of illness and injury than men, one study has found.
Together, researchers David Hummels and Chong Xiang of Purdue University and Jakob Munch of the University of Copenhagen studied manufacturing firms in Denmark during a period of increased export demand between 1996 and 2006.
They matched individual health data with worker-firm data to uncover the relationship between increased productivity and expectations and the effort and illness of staff.
“Rising exports makes individual workers less healthy by increasing their injury and sickness rates,” said the paper titled No Pain, No Gain: The Effects of Exports on Effort, Injury, and Illness.
When employees were expected to increase their productivity levels dramatically, this led to three effects, the study found: