The impact also goes beyond just the individual affected. A 2012 study from the University of British Columbia found workers who witness bullying, but are not directly affected, are more likely to look for a new job than those who don’t see bullying at work.
Bullying can have a big impact on productivity, absenteeism, employee turnover and morale. But do you always recognise bullies?
According to Anton Hout, founder of OvercomeBullying.org
, there are eight main bullying personality types:
1. The Screaming Mimi.
This is the most easily recognisable type of workplace bully. Screaming Mimis are loud and obnoxious, and their abusive behaviour is meant to berate and humiliate people. They thrive on the notion that others fear them.
2. The Two-Headed Snake.
To a co-worker’s face, this employee acts like a trusted friend or colleague. However, when the co-worker is out of earshot, this person will destroy his colleague’s reputation, stab him in the back and even take credit for his work.
3. The Constant Critic.
This bully’s goal is to dismantle other people’s confidence through constant – and often unwarranted – criticism. A critic will look for any possible flaw in someone’s work and labours tirelessly to kill that person’s credibility. Impeccable work? No problem – this type of bully isn’t above falsifying documents or creating evidence to make others look bad.
4. The Gatekeeper.
Every office has at least one employee who gets off on wielding his or her power over others – regardless of whether that power is real or perceived. Gatekeepers deny people the tools they need – whether it’s resources, time or information – to do their jobs efficiently.
5. The Attention Seeker.
This type of bully wants to be the centre of the attention at all times. They’ll try to get on their superior’s good side through consistent flattery and even come on as kind and helpful to their peers – especially the newer employees. However, if co-workers don’t provide the right amount of attention, these bullies can quickly turn on them.
6. The Wannabe.
This is an employee who sees himself or herself as absolutely indispensable and expects recognition for everything. But Wannabes aren’t usually very good at their jobs. To compensate, these bullies spend a majority of their time watching more competent workers and looking for areas of skilled workers’ performance to complain about.
7. The Guru.
Generally, there’s nothing wrong with this bully’s work performance. In fact, it’s not unusual for a Guru to be considered an expert in his or her own niche area. What these bullies offer in technical skill, however, they severely lack in emotional maturity.
Gurus see themselves as being superior to their co-workers. As a result, they don’t consider how their actions will affect others, aren’t able to fathom the possibility that they can be wrong and don’t accept responsibility for their own actions. In addition, because these bullies feel as though they’re “above it all,” they don’t always feel compelled to follow the same rules as everybody else.
8. The Sociopath.
Intelligent, well-spoken, charming and charismatic, sociopaths are the most destructive bullies of all. Reason: They have absolutely no empathy for others, yet they are experts at manipulating the emotions of others in order to get what they want.
Are you aware of upwards bullying in your workplace?
The fine line of bullying: What HR needs to know
Workplace bullying update: How to protect your employees and yourself
Talk of bullying brings to mind schoolyard cruelty, but it’s remarkably common in the workplace as well.